TRACE Matrix

The TRACE Matrix® measures business bribery risk in 199 countries. The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains – Business Interactions with the GovernmentAnti-bribery Laws and EnforcementGovernment and Civil Service Transparency and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media – as well as nine subdomains. Developed in collaboration with RAND Corporation, the TRACE Matrix was originally published in 2014 and is updated every two years by TRACE.

For a detailed description of the TRACE Matrix, download the 2016 report here.

Click here to download the full 2016 TRACE Matrix information pack, which includes:

  • 2016 Results
  • TRACE Matrix FAQ
  • TRACE Matrix Infographic
  • Guide to Country Reports
  • 2016 Subdomain Scores
  • Comparison of 2016 Matrix Results with 2014 Overall Matrix Scores

Compared to the 2014 edition, the 2016 TRACE Matrix shows considerable improvement for some countries in reducing the risk of public bribery.  Estonia leads the way; its overall score fell from 33 to 17, placing it among the five least risky countries, along with Sweden, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Norway. Other countries suffered considerable setbacks in their bribery risk environment, especially Syria, whose overall score rose from 73 to 88 — one of the eight riskiest countries for bribery in the world, after Nigeria, Angola, Yemen, Guinea, Cambodia, Myanmar, and South Sudan.


 

 

“Assessment of country risk is fundamental to developing an effective compliance program and risk-based due diligence procedures.”

Charles Duross, Partner at Morrison & Foerster LLP and former Deputy Chief in the Fraud Section in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice

 


2016 Results


TRACE Matrix Scale


Full table (excluding subdomain scores) and rankings:

Although the resulting index can be used to rank countries by their composite scores, it is also possible to view the results for specific risk factors included in the composite score and identify what drives the overall score. This allows compliance professionals not only to identify where a country falls in terms of overall business bribery risk, but also to use the domain and subdomain scores to tailor their compliance and due diligence practices appropriately and make better resource allocation decisions.



Rank Country
Risk Score
Domain 1: Interactions
with Government
Domain 2 : Anti-Bribery Laws and Enforcement Domain 3 : Governmental
and Civil Service Transparency
Domain 4 : Capacity for
Civil Society Oversight
1 Sweden
10 12 11 1 7
2 New Zealand
15 18 6 3 5
3 Estonia
17 19 8 5 16
4 Hong Kong
17 12 28 21 13
5 Norway
19 25 5 2 1
6 Ireland
22 17 11 31 8
7 Netherlands
24 25 8 27 3
8 Singapore
25 1 34 39 38
9 Finland
26 18 32 34 19
10 Denmark
27 26 10 34 3
11 Japan
27 31 14 16 16
12 Canada
28 28 20 30 13
13 Georgia
28 16 20 21 41
14 Switzerland
29 26 34 35 17
15 United Kingdom
31 30 31 35 21
16 Iceland
33 31 35 40 20
17 Austria
33 32 34 38 24
18 Australia
34 40 22 25 9
19 Luxembourg
34 28 32 43 22
20 United States of America
34 41 15 15 13
21 Mauritius
34 36 16 30 27
22 Latvia
34 37 18 21 28
23 Portugal
34 37 25 34 16
24 Germany
34 36 17 39 7
25 Lithuania
35 36 31 37 20
26 France
35 37 20 37 18
27 Chile
36 38 28 33 26
28 South Korea
37 43 8 21 20
29 Poland
39 39 23 44 21
30 United Arab Emirates
39 18 38 58 36
31 Belgium
40 39 31 47 20
32 Slovenia
40 42 32 41 21
33 Israel
41 47 15 30 14
34 Macedonia
41 38 25 34 47
35 Panama
42 29 37 53 39
36 Italy
42 44 19 43 21
37 Slovakia
43 49 17 32 16
38 Barbados
44 39 36 51 33
39 Bahrain
44 33 17 58 31
40 Qatar
45 36 39 54 40
41 Czech Republic
46 52 26 34 20
42 Romania
46 52 22 32 27
43 Cyprus
46 50 8 45 13
44 Bulgaria
47 52 18 30 30
45 Botswana
48 48 9 45 34
46 Tunisia
48 38 41 58 45
47 Malaysia
48 19 22 62 64
48 Oman
48 44 38 55 43
49 Belarus
48 43 27 49 52
50 Uruguay
49 58 23 31 18
51 Spain
49 55 36 45 19
52 Croatia
49 52 15 41 38
53 Marshall Islands
50 48 35 55 37
54 Vanuatu
50 50 22 33 52
55 Brunei Darussalam
50 52 24 53 25
56 Tonga
50 51 35 53 37
57 Hungary
51 53 36 53 29
58 Colombia
51 50 19 44 50
59 South Africa
51 54 14 42 39
60 Peru
51 57 28 32 34
61 Thailand
51 50 33 51 48
62 Saint Kitts and Nevis
51 52 37 55 33
63 Micronesia, Federated States of
51 50 35 55 42
64 Armenia
52 53 51 39 53
65 Liechtenstein
52 58 38 50 21
66 Jordan
53 46 40 53 59
67 Senegal
53 48 16 51 56
68 San Marino
54 55 36 56 35
69 Costa Rica
54 58 19 47 30
70 Rwanda
54 30 25 59 71
71 Bhutan
54 48 40 59 54
72 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
54 57 36 53 36
73 Dominican Republic
54 54 34 57 42
74 Bolivia
54 53 29 49 55
76 Serbia
55 60 31 42 35
77 Grenada
55 57 37 56 34
78 Kiribati
55 53 35 57 50
79 Turkey
55 47 23 59 56
80 Indonesia
55 61 33 29 44
81 Ecuador
55 56 68 50 45
82 Dominica
56 58 37 55 37
83 Malta
56 61 34 53 29
84 Zambia
56 49 33 60 58
85 Nicaragua
57 57 35 55 53
86 Guatemala
57 49 42 63 56
87 Antigua and Barbuda
57 61 38 54 35
88 Montenegro
57 58 50 61 42
89 Namibia
57 58 24 58 42
90 Puerto Rico
57 60 36 56 35
91 Morocco
58 50 40 66 54
92 Monaco
58 61 37 55 37
93 Bermuda
58 59 36 56 45
94 Russian Federation
58 63 31 41 45
95 Palau
58 62 35 55 31
96 Tuvalu
58 60 37 57 40
97 Maldives
58 59 35 58 47
98 Seychelles
58 60 35 55 45
99 Bosnia and Herzegovina
59 61 50 57 46
100 Guyana
59 58 34 61 48
101 Lesotho
59 55 37 61 59
102 Cape Verde
59 62 39 54 43
103 Mexico
59 55 32 63 58
104 Bahamas
59 64 38 56 33
105 Samoa
59 63 36 54 38
106 Kosovo
60 67 20 35 41
107 Paraguay
60 63 46 61 36
108 Sao Tome and Principe
60 61 37 60 53
109 Jamaica
61 66 34 56 32
110 Togo
61 52 34 65 64
111 Cayman Islands
61 63 37 59 44
112 Honduras
61 60 30 64 47
113 Papua New Guinea
61 63 35 55 56
114 Fiji
62 64 37 60 45
115 Aruba
63 61 34 71 38
116 Saudi Arabia
63 60 29 65 56
117 Solomon Islands
63 61 34 63 57
118 Macao
63 65 38 59 46
119 Greece
64 73 24 50 25
120 Gambia
64 46 37 66 78
121 Kazakhstan
65 68 22 51 52
122 Cuba
65 65 38 63 56
123 Azerbaijan
65 67 32 55 58
124 Albania
65 72 33 39 47
125 El Salvador
65 65 58 72 46
126 Comoros
65 64 37 65 60
127 Suriname
66 70 36 62 40
128 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
66 62 38 66 66
129 Niger
66 53 34 70 74
130 China
66 58 25 58 77
131 Turkmenistan
66 62 39 68 66
132 Benin
67 66 37 65 61
133 Ukraine
67 72 56 56 49
134 Trinidad and Tobago
67 73 38 59 33
135 Djibouti
67 53 37 67 78
136 Madagascar
67 66 40 68 60
137 Mongolia
68 76 29 45 44
138 Guinea-Bissau
68 66 36 64 69
139 Saint Lucia
68 75 36 56 34
140 Burkina Faso
68 61 37 77 62
141 Argentina
69 83 15 35 23
142 Swaziland
69 63 36 70 72
143 Mozambique
70 70 39 67 63
144 Moldova, Republic of
70 80 25 42 38
145 Ghana
70 74 32 68 42
146 Timor-Leste
70 74 30 67 46
147 Somalia
71 66 72 80 54
148 Kyrgyzstan
71 75 50 37 71
149 Lebanon
71 72 57 76 44
150 Equatorial Guinea
71 65 40 73 73
151 Philippines
71 77 42 49 62
152 Zimbabwe
72 62 31 79 71
153 Sri Lanka
72 65 40 85 51
154 Sierra Leone
72 67 33 74 73
155 Lao PDR
72 69 35 75 68
156 Belize
73 80 40 64 39
157 Iran, Islamic Republic of
73 76 37 69 55
158 Algeria
73 74 40 76 52
159 Nepal
73 77 36 64 58
160 Egypt
74 70 31 79 63
161 Ethiopia
74 74 29 53 76
162 Haiti
74 75 36 70 63
163 Mauritania
74 77 38 65 60
164 Mali
74 74 38 69 68
165 Malawi
74 76 14 49 70
166 Pakistan
74 74 29 64 71
167 Brazil
74 91 14 27 25
168 Iraq
75 75 48 72 67
169 Tajikistan
75 75 14 64 71
170 Tanzania, United Republic of
76 79 36 67 61
171 Sudan
76 70 39 75 79
172 Uganda
76 81 25 48 68
173 Kuwait
76 86 39 61 37
174 Kenya
76 79 19 65 63
175 Viet Nam
77 59 39 89 81
176 Afghanistan
78 82 11 62 58
177 Uzbekistan
78 74 53 84 68
178 India
78 86 39 47 58
179 Libya
78 83 37 70 55
180 Cote d'Ivoire
79 84 38 65 60
181 Congo, Republic of the
80 84 31 70 60
182 Cameroon
81 81 32 81 67
183 Bangladesh
81 87 25 64 60
184 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
83 86 37 70 75
185 Eritrea
85 80 37 74 90
186 Gabon
85 92 36 75 45
187 Venezuela
85 87 32 80 59
188 Burundi
85 84 46 85 77
189 Central African Republic
86 89 39 70 75
190 Liberia
87 95 31 64 61
191 Chad
87 88 39 81 78
192 Syrian Arab Republic
88 94 38 71 68
193 South Sudan
90 96 38 70 70
194 Myanmar
92 89 45 97 78
195 Cambodia
92 92 60 93 80
196 Guinea
92 98 42 72 74
197 Yemen
93 86 100 85 100
198 Angola
96 100 67 90 77
199 Nigeria
97 98 33 100 60

For media/press inquiries, please contact Caitlin Seymour at cseymour@traceinternational.org.

View the 2016 press release here.


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